Information System and Safeguards
Implementation plan from Citizen and Indigenous Consultation and Auto-evaluation of Social and Environmental Safeguards
The National Forest Corporation (CONAF, acronym in Spanish), a dependent institution of the Ministry of Agriculture, is developing the National Strategy for Climate Change and Vegetation Resources (ENCCRV, acronym in Spanish) using participative measures. The aim of the ENCCRV is to encourage the recovery and protection of the native forest, xerophytes plants, and promote vegetation planting to forest rich soils contributing to adapting and mitigating the effects of climate change, combat desertification, land degradation and drought, and contributing to the environmental commitments and responsibilities taken on by Chile nationally and internationally.
As such, for the development of the ENCCRV, the Unit for Indigenous and Social Affairs (UAIS, acronym in Spanish) of CONAF are planning workshops in every region of the country. These participative measures include Focal Groups (GT, acronym in Spanish) with representative of communities, directly and indirectly, related to vegetational resources, as either a resource dependent community or a related community. As such, the aim is to investigate through consensus, that the national characteristics of the main objectives of the strategies to be implemented will not affect the rights of Indigenous Peoples, local communities, vulnerable groups, and the active participation of women, aspects aligned with national criteria, requirements of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and other international organizations which Chile is a member of and has commitments with.
In accordance with the UNFCCC, the ENCCRV incorporates its adopted decisions to reduce emissions associated with Deforestation, Forest Degradation and the enhancement of carbon stock, also known as REDD+. REDD+ requires nations who incorporate strategies these strategies to fulfill a series of social and environmental safeguards to prevent, mitigate and minimize potential social and environmental negative impacts; also maximizing the benefits to local communities directly or indirectly involved in the strategy implementation. As such, the inclusion of the social and environmental safeguards enables to carry out the benefits and minimize associated risks of implementing the “strategy activities”2 prioritized to prevent degradation, deforestation and promote afforestation, revegetation, and restoration of forests and other degraded vegetation formations. Safeguards in Chile will be treated through participative measures allowing for multi-factors, multi-sector and multi-level focus across the nation.
The development of the ENCCRV considers a priority the effective and inclusive participation of all groups and stakeholders involved with vegetation resources, emphasizing on the participation of local communities, indigenous peoples, women and other vulnerable people. Additionally, the participation of small, medium and large producers, social organizations (neighbourhood councils, Drinking Water Committees, Farming Associations, amongst others) associations and civic groups, universities and study locations, businesses, Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) government institutions, local governments, and others interested in contributing to the development and implementation of the ENCCRV.
Therefore, as part of the development of the Strategy the participation of key stakeholders and representatives of different FG, specifically of local communities and indigenous peoples, to evaluate social and environmental factors generating guidelines and inputs for a finished version of the national initiative. This will be validated in a future state, revising the main subject areas to be implemented and the follow-up system which will be able to evaluate their performance and social and environmental implications.
The Plan for Implementation of Social and Environmental Safeguards of Citizen and Indigenous Consultation3 and Auto-evaluation of the National Strategy for Climate Change and Vegetation Resources (ENCCRV) is the guide for implementing participative measures, a period which began in 2015 and ending in late 2016.
As a result of the multiple stages in this process including analytical and participative process, briefings, investigations and reports the expected final products include: 1) National Strategy for Climate Change and Vegetation Resources (ENCCRV) developed through participative process and 2) a Framework for the Implementation of Social and Environmental Safeguards (MISSA, acronym in Spanish), which will include: i) the description and results of the participative process; ii) the prioritization of strategic activities to implement to prevent degradation, deforestation and promote the forestation/revegetation and restoration of forests and other degraded vegetation formations; iii) mitigation measures to prevent and diminish the potential negative impacts resulting of the ENCCRV, as well as maximizing the benefits; iv) social and environmental framework indicators factors of the Safeguard Information System (SIS, acronym in Spanish); v) SIS guidelines and directives; and vi) other factors to be evaluated during the development of the Strategy.
2 These are concrete and operative activities to improve vegetation resources. For example, the improvement of forest administration and management, implementation of administrative and legal measures, the limitation and strengthening of nonforest activities which favor the enhancement of carbon stock and environmental, social, cultural, and economic services provided by these ecosystems.
3 Involves a citizen consultation and an indigenous people consultation, the former following the Operational Manual of the World Bank (OP 4.10) and the directives of the UN-REDD.