CONAF, through the ENCCRV, functions as the National Focal Point for two large international entities in the the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and the REDD+ of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The activities and actions steps developed within the Strategy framework will have an effect on other international bodies, detailed as follows: img contexto internacional


Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2015-2030

Included in the international directives the ENCCRV must align with is the SDG, adopted in the UN Sustainable Development Summit in September 2015. At the Summit UN Member States approved of the Transforming Our World: 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which includes 17 SDG, each containing a goal to achieve in the coming 15 years. The SDG focus on eradicating poverty, protecting the planet and ensuring prosperity for all, as parts of a new agenda for sustainable development.

Chile, as a member state of the UN, must provide support for the implementation of activities which will fulfill the SDG. As such, the ENCCRV is a tool used to accomplish the following goals:

  • SDG 13 encourages to Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts (taking into consideration the agreements adopted in the United Nations Framework to Combat Climate Change).

  • SDG 15 encourages to esustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss.

  • More information here


    United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD):

    UNCCD originated in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Earth Summit in Rio, in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro. It was agreed at the convention to begin negotiations on the Convention to Combat Desertification, particularly in Africa. The UNCCD, adopted in 1994 in Paris, entered into force on 26 December 1996. As of April 2015, the convention has been signed by 194 countries and the European Union.

    This convention, part of an international agreement, encourages the development of answer to combat desertification. It aims to improve living conditions of populations affected by drought and desertification through improvements to productivity, land restoration and preservation, more efficient use of water resources and to promote sustainable development in affected areas. As such, the UNCCD provides a basis for sustainable management, incorporating an integrated scope encouraging social and civic participation, exchange of scientific-technological and traditional knowledge.
    More information here


    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC):

    The UNFCCC originated in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Earth Summit in Rio, in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro. The UNFCCC entered into force on 21 March 1994, and has been signed and ratified by 197 Parties of the Convention.

    The Convention recognizes the existence of climate change and the scientific base underlining it. Entering into force, the UNFCCC, presented a significant leap, as at the time it presented less scientific evidence climate change than found today. The Convention is considered a framework document, a document open to modification and adaptations over time with the goal of focusing efficiency of activities to changes in climate change and rising atmospheric temperatures. The first addition to the document, the Kyoto Protocol, was approved in 1997.

    The general objective of the Convention is in accordance with appropriate arrangements, lthe stabilization of greenhouse gases concentrations in the atmosphere to levels which will prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. This level should be achieved within a reasonable timespan to allow the ecosystem time to adapt to climate changes naturally; thus ensuring food production is not threatened and allow for the economic development to progress in a sustainable manner.
    More information here


    Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

    The CBD UNCCD originated in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Earth Summit in Rio, in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro. The convention an international legal tool, multilateral and legally binding. The CBD reminds members and promotes the conservation of biological diversity and encourages the sustainable management of natural capital, promoting actions for sustainable development. The Convention entered into force on 29 December 1993, with 196 Parties.

    The convention has 3 objectives:

  • Conservation of biological diversity
  • Sustainable use of components of biological diversity
  • Just and equal participation of the benefits derived from the use of genetic resources

  • The convention safeguards biological diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources. The convention circumscribes biotechnology and all aspects related to biological diversity: science, politics, education, agriculture, business, culture, to name a few.
    More information here


    Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar)

    The Ramsar Convention is an intergovernmental treaty, with a mission for conservation and sustainable use of wetlands through local, regional and national actions, and with the aid of international cooperation, a contribution to the development of sustainable management worldwide.

    Within this framework, Parties commit to:

  • Work to promote sustainable use of wetlands on their territories;
  • Design suitable wetlands to include in the list of Wetlands of International Importance (The Ramsar List) and guarantee sustainable use;
  • Cooperate internationally with cross-border wetlands, shared wetland systems and shared species.

  • Chile contains 13 sites catalogued as RAMSAR.
    More information here


    Man and Biosphere Programme (MaB)

    A Scientific intergovernmental programme of the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO, Through the joint venture of natural and social sciences and economics develops a base for the development of the sustainable and rational use of resources of the biosphere, as well as promoting the improvement the relation between people and the environment.

    Within this framework, ENCCRV activities and action steps contribute to the achievement of international commitments determined by Chile as well as contributing to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB)relation coordinated by the Ministry of the Environment (MMA, acronym in Spanish) the National Focal Point.
    More information here




     

     

     

    National Forestry Corporation

    Unidad de Cambio Climático y Servicios Ambientales (UCCSA)
    Gerencia de Desarrollo y Fomento Forestal (GEDEFF)
    Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF)
    Ministerio de Agricultura de Chile

     

     

     

    Phone:

    +56 2 26630000

                                            

    Email:

    uccsa.chile@conaf.cl

    Address:

    Paseo Bulnes 377, Oficina 207 - Santiago.


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